Military and civilian ESDP Missions: Ever Growing and Effective?
by Nicoletta Pirozzi and Sammi Sandawi
Demand for operations under the European Security and Defence Policy has grown steadily since 2003, while the trends towards globalising its operational range and broadening its tasks have continued. However, ESDP performance is at best mixed. This partly hinges on policy inconsistencies, but the lack of experience should not be underestimated either. Even if the ESDP seems for many observers a well-established field of activity, it must not be overlooked that it is still a young and on many aspects quite unpractised endeavour of the EU.
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